jueves, 31 de mayo de 2012
From Gangs to Gardens: How Community Agriculture Transformed Quesada Avenue by Katherine Gustafson — YES! Magazine
lunes, 28 de mayo de 2012
jueves, 24 de mayo de 2012
LOCALISATION OF ECONOMY
By 2050 the tendency to globalization has turned into a tendency to localization. This will have the principle of subsidiarity at its heart. In political terms, subsidiarity is widely accepted as meaning that everything is best decided and implemented closest to the people who will be affected. In economical terms it means that by 2050 the appropriate size for industries, resilience and permeability towards have reversed the economies of scale to make local much more efficient.
By 2050 petrol has become extremely scarce and can only be used in special cases (Space Rockets, manufacturing of some materials); transport of heavy goods is very expensive. Sea transport is done by kite-vessels.
By 2050 ITER is still not operational for mass production, electricity is also very expensive, except electricity produced by local renewables or micro-renewables; long distance earth transport of heavy goods is very expensive even for Electric Vehicles (trains).
Some dramatic climate change disasters (Venice under the waters?) have finally made mandatory a tax on all products that includes all life-cycle costs, including waste and recycling. Recycling cannot be done in the third world.
Political demand for more equality pushes towards gains in local control.
What remains global
some industrial productions (chips, pharmaceutics, large solar air-globes) remain global or continental (EV motor-wheels, large kite sea transport vessels, electronic instrumentation)
By 2050, minirobots, ultra-automation, 3D printing, self-growing materials make many local industries very efficient. DO IT YOURSELF has now a 30% of all production (your clothes, your furniture, your tableware, your configured Electric Vehicle)
By 2050, most population has returned from big Macro-cities to medium size agro-urban conglomerates. Vertical Automated Farming controlled by bio-ICT provide local food; taking also care of recycling of water.
By 2050, intermediaries about to disappear. Robotized EV of all sizes take the teleshopping home.
By 2050, all money has become crypto money. Global crypto money is only used for mayor investments. All M1 money is regional, local and even by sector (Energy, Agriculture, etc). Payments done through the phone. Most loans are local, associated to local interests, and raised as P2P cloud-funding.
By 2050, most of the GDP is local, so that Gross Domestic Wealth discussions engage now everybody. eDemocracy has multiplied citizens participation in policy to 10% of their time; eDemocracy and Social Networking have become undistinguishable.
THE GREAT TRANSITION
The means for the Great Transition (the way the New Economics Foundation names it) will, at the end, be political. A party o parliamentary coalition will need to win elections at each country to make it become law with full democratic legitimacy.
In most countries, the Great Transition will require a constitutional change. A referendum will need to be formulated and won.
It will take some time for the current "Indignados", or OWS, or similar movements, to give birth for such a structured party or parliamentary representation and fuel it until parliamentarian victory.
The risk before
Turns into fascism and xenophobia
and easily into war
The monetary system after the Great Transition is a relatively uninteresting, almost technical, discussion. We have already very solid proposals for alternatives to the Fractional Reserve Banking system.
The only pending discussion is a World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) approach of the meta information of the electronic money, so that all wallets can manage all electronic currencies. Its a question of interoperability. Some proposals already exist, like the Ricardian contract and the INTERNET-DRAFT Ko Fujimura XML Voucher: Generic Voucher Language.
The relevant discussion is about the Community Currencies and the Monetary System model we need to pump solidarity to the poor before the transition.
More about it at
lunes, 21 de mayo de 2012
We study the impact of Peer to Peer technology and thought on society.
The Foundation for P2P Alternatives
Complementary Currency Software
Free Open Source Software
- links: http://project.cyclos.org/ ; http://sourceforge.net/projects/cyclos/
- for use in: complementary currency systems like LETS, Barter, Time bank, C3 (consumer commerce circuit) and micro finance systems like VLC (combination of micro finance with local currency). Cyclos is a transactional (on-line banking) system with several community functionalities and extended modules.
- license : GPL (open source) license
- used by : cyclos is used all over the world, some examples are http://www.circuitocompras.com.br, http://www.regiogeld.de or http://www.puntotransacciones.com (a more complete list can be found here).
- links: https://github.com/FellowTraveler/Open-Transactions/wiki ; https://github.com/FellowTraveler/Open-Transactions
- Description: "It’s a solid, easy-to-use, FINANCIAL CRYPTO and DIGITAL CASH LIBRARY. Including an operational API, SERVER and CLIENT. Transaction processor featuring Untraceable Digital Cash, Anonymous Numbered Accounts, Triple-Signed Receipts, Basket Currencies, and Signed XML Contracts. Also supports cheques, invoices, payment plans, markets with trades, and other instruments... it's like PGP for Money.... Uses OpenSSL and Lucre blinded tokens. ---Mac OS X, Linux, FreeBSD, Android, Windows---Native APIs for Java, Ruby, Python, PHP, Perl, C, C++, Objective-C, C#, Tcl, and LISP"
- license : GNU Affero General Public (open source) License
- link : http://www.bitcoin.org/ https://github.com/bitcoin/bitcoin
- Description : "Bitcoin is a peer-to-peer digital currency. Peer-to-peer (P2P) means that there is no central authority to issue new money or keep track of transactions. Instead, these tasks are managed collectively by the nodes of the network."
- used by : a large number of sites have started to accept Bitcoin and there is also a market for different Bitcoin demoninations
- license : open source
- links: http://code.ripplepay.com/ ; http://ripple.sourceforge.net/ ; http://sourceforge.net/projects/ripple ; http://ripplep2p.com/wiki/
- Description : a money system based on 'friendly obligations'.
- license : The software that runs ripplepay.com is available under the GPL open-source license.
- used by:
- see also: Ripple Implementations
- the Circular Multilateral Barter code that powers Evgeni Pandurski's Multiswap site
- Rivulet John Paul Lewicke's Ripple server and AJAX front-end
- Rain Droplet - Open decentralized community credit service operated by Daniel Holt, based on Ripplepay
- Ripplexchange - Daniel Holt's Ripple marketplace
- Ripple Distributed Protocol - Designs for a system of distributed independent Ripple servers
- Ripplebase - Ryan Fugger's partially complete multi-client Ripple transaction server (see also documentation)
Open Coin(Read more)
- link: https://opencoin.org/
- Description : "The opencoin project implements "digital cash". The system gives minting software, wallet software and everything that is necessary to have a system for anonymous electronic transactions. It can be used for vouchers, online payments, complementary currencies etc. opencoin defines standards and provides an implementation around the blind-signature system as invented by David Chaum, known as electronic cash / digicash.
- license : The software and specs are opensource under a GPL License.
- link : http://www.opensourcecurrency.org/2008/11/oscurrency-demo-site-and-github.html
- Description : "OSCurrency is complementary currency system derived from Insoshi, a Ruby on Rails open source social network project"
- built over: http://portal.insoshi.com/
- license: GNU AFFERO GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 3
- used by:
- documentation: http://wiki.github.com/austintimeexchange/oscurrency
- link : http://drupal.org/project/mutual_credit
- built with : Drupal
- Description : "An all-embracing and flexible package which includes a mutual credit engine, transaction forms and displays, including several views and blocks. It can be used as a digital back end for paper money projects, or to run an entire LETS or Timebank. With a little tweaking, it can manage currencies conforming to a wide range of designs."
- used by :
- http://communityforge.net/ offer a hosted version "For community groups and social clubs with no IT budget, the basic package allows hundreds of users, full control over pages and menu items. Unlimited exchanges, membership expiry, offline member support. Export members and exchange history to csv format. Other community building features include calendar, image gallery, and news feed. "
- apparently Timebanks USA are using it for development of "Community Weaver II" (see hosted offering of existing version here)
- Community Exchange System working on migrating to it
- as of Mar 2nd 2011 a total of 57 sites currently report using this module
- license :
- link : http://www.openbankproject.com/
- "We aim to create a RESTful API so that banks and their customers can securely and cost effectively adopt Web 2.0, Open Source and 3rd party tools, services and strategies. We want to promote greater openness to financial data."
- license :
- links : http://wadobo.com/trac/timebank/ (wiki and code) http://timebank.wadobo.com/ (demo)
- Description : "Time Bank is a web service for managing a time bank, in which users offer their time doing service in exchange for services provided by others users for the same amount of time."
- used by
- license :
- link : http://sourceforge.net/projects/mifos/ http://mifos.org/
- Description : "Mifos is an MIS purpose-built for the microfinance industry. It provides MFIs the key functionality to better serve the poor: client management, loans & savings portfolio tracking, reporting, & social performance measurement. mifos.org has more info"
- used by :
- With 21 existing customers with another 19 in the pipeline (as of Mar 2nd 2011) Mifos will soon be servicing a total of over a million clients
- license : Apache License V2.0
MyBanco - Open Source Core Banking
- link : http://www.mybanco.org/
- Description : "So you are paying thousands of dollars to do your Core Banking? Well, don't. MyBanco let's you do your core banking without paying one cent. Save on your bank's TCO (Total Cost of Ownership) by reducing the money you pay to companies offering proprietory systems, and start saving money, by using free and open source software"
- license : GNU Affero General Public License
- link : http://sourceforge.net/projects/local-exchange/ Local Exchange UK ver 1.01
- Description : "Local Exchange is a web-based local currency system. Local currency systems, such as LETS or Time Dollars, are designed to foster goods and service exchange on a community level"
- used by :
- license : GNU General Public License (GPL)
- link : http://www.hughbarnard.org/content/alternative-currency-software http://sourceforge.net/projects/cclite/ http://groups.google.co.uk/group/cclite?hl=en
- Description : "Cclite is a Perl package for local exchange trading systems (LETS), banking and other alternative money systems. Multi-registry, multi-currency, web services based (SOAP) and REST transactions and templated to give multi-lingual capabilitie" "Community currency accounting for local exchange trading systems (LETS)and other alternative money systems. Multi-registry (group), multi-currency, with inter-registry transactions using web services (SOAP), templated to give multi-lingual capablitie"
- license : GNU General Public License (GPL)
- link : http://copsewood.net/py_lets_cgi/index.html
- Description : "PyLETS CGI is a simple, lightweight on-line mono-LETS accounting web application written in Python"
- license : GNU Public License Version 3
- see also : Multi Registry System (MRS) Links and Resources
Relevant Mailing Lists
- Agile Banking Google Group "Lets change the world of banking and finance. This group is not for interesting theory, but about practical steps we can take to reinvent banking"
- OSCurrency Google Group "OSCurrency is complementary currency system derived from Insoshi, a Ruby on Rails open source social network project"
- Ripple Users Google Group "Discussions about the Ripple decentralized monetary system project at http://ripple-project.org" (lots of related discussion happens on the list too)
- ECON-LETS "econ-lets is intended for discussion of the economic, social and telematics issues surrounding the development of LETS (Local Exchange Trading Systems)"
Projects for Software
Currency SimulationPhil Jones has done some work simulating currency stuff:
old site at http://www.nooranch.com/synaesmedia/optimaes/optimaes.cgi
Other Platformshttp://partysmart.org/vcsh/index.php ; http://regenerosity.com/
- software used :
- license :
Other (older) lists of Currency Software
- http://www.letslinkuk.net/members/software.htm ( restricted access ? )
Accounting PracticesFor some unsorted material, see http://delicious.com/mbauwens/P2P-Accounting
To join the campaign to democratise money see http://www.positivemoney.org.uk/97percent
When money drives almost all activity on the planet, it's essential that we understand it. Yet simple questions often get overlooked - questions like: where does money come from? Who creates it? Who decides how it gets used? And what does that mean for the millions of ordinary people who suffer when money and finance breaks down?
97% Owned is a new documentary that reveals how money is at the root of our current social and economic crisis. Featuring frank interviews and commentary from economists, campaigners and former bankers, it exposes the privatised, debt-based monetary system that gives banks the power to create money, shape the economy, cause crises and push house prices out of reach. Fact-based and clearly explained, in just 60 minutes it shows how the power to create money is the piece of the puzzle that economists were missing when they failed to predict the crisis.
Produced by Queuepolitely and featuring Ben Dyson of Positive Money, Josh Ryan-Collins of The New Economics Foundation, Ann Pettifor, the "HBOS Whistleblower" Paul Moore, Simon Dixon of Bank to the Future and Nick Dearden from the Jubliee Debt Campaign, this is the first documentary to tackle this issue from a UK-perspective, and can be watched online now.